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Ruben Timmerman is a PhD researcher in criminology at the Erasmus School of Law. Ruben was born in the Netherlands but grew up in Canada, where he completed his BA in Criminal Justice. In 2016 he moved back to the Netherlands to complete his master’s degrees in Global Criminology (MA) and Public International Law (LLM) at Utrecht University. He began his PhD research at EUR in September 2018.
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Ruben's research focuses on the tensions between immigration enforcement and human rights. His current PhD research explores the intersection between
migration control and state anti-trafficking efforts to better understand how ‘protection’ and ‘enforcement’ conflict within the context of labour exploitation in the Dutch informal economy. In doing so, he is exploring the accounts of both irregular migrant workers and law enforcement actors.

Timmerman, R.I. (2020, Dec 2). 'COVID-19 Exposes the Realities of Europe’s Neglected Essential Workers' [blog]. Border Criminologies, University of Oxford. Available at

Timmerman, R. (2020, Nov 3). Free in, free out: Dutch policy marks an important first step toward firewall protection for irregular migrants in Europe [Blog]. University of Oxford: Centre on Migration, Policy & Society (COMPAS), available at

Timmerman, R.I., Leerkes, A., Staring, R. & Delvino, N. (2020). 'Free in, free out': Exploring Dutch firewall protections for irregular migrant victims of crime. European Journal of Migration and Law, 22(3), 427-455. Available at

Timmerman, R.I., Leerkes, A. & Staring, R. (2019). Safe Reporting of Crime for Victims and Witnesses with Irregular Migration Status in the Netherlands. University of Oxford, Centre on Migration, Policy, and Society (COMPAS). Available at